Jarntimarra Database (JNT-DB)

Climate Data

This data has been obtained from the Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BOM). Further work is needed to acquire more localised climate histories and predictions (3, 6 and 12 months, updated in this document regularly). For example, monthly averages including solar radiation and wind (for estimation of renewable power potential) and relative humidity (relevant for analogue suit operations, for example) should be included. In addition, typical daily weather profiles during various months would be useful for operations planning.

Climate Overview

This section should be expanded to provide a detailed climatic overview with a focus on central Australia.

Mean Temperature and Median Annual Rainfall for the Australian Continent:

The driest part of Australia is Lake Eyre (adjacent to the Sturt Stony Desert) with an average rainfall of around 140 mm per annum and less than 30 rain days annually on average.

Climate Averages

Australian weather stations collect data at least daily, and BOM provides averages for a range of parameters. The Queensland Department of Natural Resources provides interpolation of climate averages for locations between stations (navigate to SILO website).

BOM Weather Stations in four States:

Western Australia (WA) Northern Territory (NT)
South Australia (SA) Queensland (QLD)

Key Weather Stations relevant for Mars analogue activities:

STATION

Alice Springs, NT

LONGITUDE

133.89 E

LATITUDE

23.80 S

ELEVATION

546 m

STATION

Balgo Hills, WA

LONGITUDE

127.99 E

LATITUDE

20.14 S

ELEVATION

420 m

STATION

Birdsville, QLD

LONGITUDE

139.35 E

LATITUDE

25.90 S

ELEVATION

47 m

STATION

Coober Pedy, SA

LONGITUDE

134.76 E

LATITUDE

29.00 S

ELEVATION

215 m

STATION

Giles, WA

LONGITUDE

128.29 E

LATITUDE

25.04 S

ELEVATION

598 m

STATION

Halls Creek, WA

LONGITUDE

127.66 E

LATITUDE

18.23 S

ELEVATION

422 m

STATION

Kulgera, NT

LONGITUDE

133.30 E

LATITUDE

25.84 S

ELEVATION

509 m

STATION

Leigh Creek, SA

LONGITUDE

138.41 E

LATITUDE

30.47 S

ELEVATION

194 m

No Image

STATION

Moomba, SA

LONGITUDE

140.21 E

LATITUDE

28.11 S

ELEVATION

39 m

STATION

Oodnadatta, SA

LONGITUDE

135.45 E

LATITUDE

27.58 S

ELEVATION

117 m

No Image

STATION

Woomera, SA

LONGITUDE

136.82 E

LATITUDE

31.15 S

ELEVATION

167 m

STATION

Yulara, NT

LONGITUDE

130.97 E

LATITUDE

25.19 S

ELEVATION

492 m

Weather Radar

During Mars mission simulations, Mission Controllers can access an online radar service provided by BOM at http://www.bom.gov.au. Regularly (10 minute) updated radar images obtained up to a radius of 130 km can be viewed from a number of remote stations. These provide a near real-time picture of local precipitation conditions. With a knowledge of current wind conditions (prevailing from the west across the continent) this could provide insight into imminent weather for field crews.

STATION RADAR POSITION AVAILABILITY
Woomera lat 31.16S, long 136.80E 21.45-0215; 0345-0815; 0945-1415; 1545-2015 (ACST)
Alice Springs lat 23.82S, long 133.90E 2145-0215; 0345-0815; 0945-1415; 1545-2015 (ACST)
Giles lat 25.03S, long 128.30E 2100 - 0001, 0130 - 0700, 0900 - 1300, 1430 - 1900 (AWST)
Halls Creek lat 18.23S, long 127.66E 2100 - 0001, 0130 - 0700, 0900 - 1300, 1430 - 1900 (AWST)
Eucla lat 31.68S long 128.89E 2100 - 0700, 0900 - 1300, 1430 - 1900 (AWST)
Ceduna lat 32.13S, long 133.70E 21.45-0215; 0345-0815; 0945-1415; 1545-2015 (ACST)

ACST = Australian Central Standard Time
AWST = Australian Western Standard Time

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